The word organon
literally translates as a tool or an instrument. Although it once referred specifically to Aristotle’s writings on logic, its usage was later broadened by Immanuel Kant
, Francis Bacon
, Johann Heinrich Lambert (Neues Organon
or, in English, New Organon
), and, perhaps most distinctively, Samuel Hahnemann
and James Sanford Lamar
Organon is defined as:
an instrument of thought, especially a means of reasoning or a system of logic. (The Oxford Dictionary of English, unabridged second edition)
a body of methodological doctrine comprising principles for scientific or philosophic procedure or investigation. (Webster's Third New International Dictionary, unabridged)
an instrument of thought or knowledge.... Philosophy. a system of rules or principles of demonstration or investigation. (Random House Dictionary, unabridged, 2009)
A set of principles for use in scientific or philosophical investigation. (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fourth edition)
Archaic a sense organ, regarded as an instrument for acquiring knowledge. (Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 2003)
an instrument of thought or knowledge; means by which some process, such as reasoning or discovery, is carried on .... a system of rules or principles for investigation of a field of knowledge. (World Book Dictionary)
The organon used on The MarkFoster.ORGanon™ focuses on:
- The development of a sociological
imagination. This term was coined by Columbia University
sociologist, C. (Charles) Wright Mills (born in 1916 and died of a heart
attack in 1962). It refers here to seeing beyond the individual level,
including personal troubles, by relating each of our experiences to the
issues, relationships, groups, and societies in which we participate.
Unjust, oppressive societies and groups are not necessarily permanent.
Emancipation can be achieved by what British philosopher refers to as
in difference). Through emancipative agency (not a simple change in awareness),
we demonstrate our interdependence and inclusion.
The JCCC image on the top of this page was taken, without modification, from the September 16, 2009, version of the JCCC website (2009-10 Upcoming Events page).