General Conference Church of God (Seventh Day)

The Deity

The sovereign deity of the universe is God Almighty, who is to be worshipped in spirit and in truth. He is eternal, infinite, holy, self-existent Spirit who created, sustains, rules, redeems, and judges His creation. He is one in nature, essence and being. God is revealed in Scripture as Father and Son.

God the Father

God the Father of whom are all things, whom no one has seen nor can see, reigns in the heavens and transcends our complete knowing. He is revealed as our loving heavenly Father by His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ. Ultimately, God the Father will restore perfect harmony to all creation through Christ and reign eternally over the redeemed.

Jesus the Son

Jesus Christ is God's one and only begotten Son. As begotten, not created, He shares the nature, names, and attributes of God with the Father. As Son, not Father, Jesus is subordinate to His Father in rank. From eternity, the Son was with the Father, shared the Father's glory as the pre-incarnate Word, and with Him created and sustains all things. Jesus the Christ (Messiah) was born of the virgin Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit, thus uniting two natures - human and divine. Jesus lived without sin, died as an atoning sacrifice for sin, was entombed for three days and three nights, was resurrected bodily, and ascended to His Father to serve as mediator and high priest. He reigns as Lord in heaven and will return to earth as judge and king. Now it pleases the Father that the Son is preeminent in all things and receives our worship.

The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the promised divine helper who proceeds from the Father and Son. The Spirit is God's presence and power in the world and indwells believers. By the Holy Spirit, God inspired and illuminates the Scriptures; convicts and regenerates sinners; sanctifies, teaches, comforts, guides, and preserves believers; and empowers them for service. Evidences of the Holy Spirit in the believer's life are faith in Christ, obedience to God, and the spiritual fruit of love.

Church of God (7h Day), Salem Conference
• Unclear whether two Persons in One

We believe in one true God who is the creator of all. He is omnipotent, omnicient, and omnipresent. He sent his son to Earth to be a sacrifice for our sins. He is a separate being from his son, Jesus. The Holy Spirit is the power of God and not a separate being with a separate consciousness.

We do not believe in the teaching of the Trinity, in which the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three parts of a single being who is God. We believe the Father and the Son are separate beings with separate consciousnesses and that the Holy Spirit is not a conscious being but instead the power of God.

Binitarian View: One God, Two Beings Before the
• Bob Thiel, Ph.D.
• Binitarian but expanded to a family in the future
• Herbert W. Armstrong Movement

Was either unitarianism or trinitarianism the original view of the New Testament Church? The Bible clearly teaches from the beginning that God is one, yet currently composed of two members essentially with a third (those begotten by the Holy Spirit, then born-again into the family of God) at the resurrection. This was also the view of the immediate post-New Testament Church and this so-called “binitarian” belief has been clearly held throughout Church history. Although often overlooked many certain academics in the past, modern scholars are now coming to the same conclusion. Although some might prefer to use the term Ditheist or Dualist instead of Binitarian, those terms suggests that God is not one (yet God is one family). I chose to use the term binitarian or binitarianism to describe the correct belief about the Godhead as it is currently used by scholars and is clearer than Semi-Arian (or Semi-Arianism) which, though also historically used (by critics), would not be at all understood by most today.

• Wikipedia

At present, it [binitarianism] is a theology essentially held only by some 7th Day Church of God groups. The three largest church denominations that appear to hold a binitarian view today are the Church of God (Seventh Day), United Church of God, and the Living Church of God. Other groups, scattered spinoffs from the breakup of the previously sabbatarian Worldwide Church of God, founded by Herbert W. Armstrong, also hold to a binitarian view of God. The sabbatarian Churches of God persist in their worship of Jesus and the Father; insisting that in their worship of the “plural” God, “Elohim,” as multiple separate and individual God-beings of which only the Father and Son are now very God, they are practicing monotheism, in the sense that “God” is a single family unit. Adherents of these churches believe they will eventually be born into that family as sons and daughters of God at a resurrection of the dead.